Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night

Date completed: 1889
Artist: Vincent van Gogh
Location: Museum of Modern Art · New York City
Media: Oil painting Size: 29 x 36 1/4″ (73.7 x 92.1 cm)
Period: Post-Impressionism
Subject: Saint-Rémy-de-Provence

The Starry Night is an oil on canvas painting by Dutch Post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh. Painted in June 1889, it depicts the view from the east-facing window of his asylum room at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, just before sunrise, with the addition of an ideal village. It has been in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City since 1941, acquired through the Lillie P. Bliss Bequest. Regarded as among Van Gogh’s finest works, The Starry Night is one of the most recognized paintings in the history of Western culture. The painting is dominated by a night sky roiling with chromatic blue swirls, a glowing yellow crescent moon, and stars rendered in impasto as radiating orbs. The cypress trees, which are flame-like, tower over the foreground to the left, their dark branches curling and swaying to the movement of the sky. Amid all this movement, the village Saint-Rémy-de-Provence sits on the lower right of the canvas. Straight controlled lines make up the small cottages and the towering slender steeple of a church, which rises as a beacon against rolling blue hills. The glowing yellow squares of the houses with welcoming lights of peaceful homes, creating a calm corner amid the painting’s turbulence.

Vincent wrote “This morning I saw the countryside from my window a long time before sunrise, with nothing but the morning star, which looked very big,” In a letter to his brother Theo, Vincent describes his inspiration for one of his well known paintings, The Starry Night.

Van Gogh lived well in the hospital; he was allowed greater freedoms than any of the other patients. He could go out for the day with an attendant; he was allowed to paint, read, and was even given a studio. While he suffered from the infrequent relapse into paranoia and fits. He began to suffer hallucination and have thoughts of suicide as he plunged into depression. As a result there was a tonal shift in his work. He returned to using the darker colours from the beginning of his career and Starry Night is an example of that shift. Blue dominates the painting, blending hills into the sky. The little village lays at the base in the painting in browns, greys, and blues. Even though each building is clearly outlined in black, the yellow and white of the stars and the moon stand out against the sky, drawing the eyes to the sky.

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Pablo Picasso, Guernica

Guernica is a highly potent painting by Pablo Picasso. It is one of the world’s greatest anti-war paintings. The painting is gigantic and illustrates the bombing of the Spanish town of Guernica in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.

Guernica, oil on canvas by Pablo Picasso, 1937; in the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid. 3.49 × 7.77 m.

Date painted: 1937
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Subjects: Spanish Civil War · Suffering · War
Location: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía
Genre: Narrative Art
Media: Oil Paint

Guernica, a large black-and-white, bold linear oil painting dramatically executed by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso following the German bombing of Guernica, a city in Spain’s Basque region. The complex geometric painting received mixed reviews when it was shown in the Spanish Republic Pavilion at the world’s fair in Paris, but it has became an icon following it’s tour around the world in the ensuing years.

Spain was six months into its civil war, a military rebellion undertaken by the Nationalists against the government and the Republicans. Several months later, German aircraft, on the request of the Nationalists bombed the metropolis of Guernica on April 26. The three-hour long blitz nearly annihilated the town and killed or wounded nearly one-third of the population. Picasso completed this substantial painting in just under a month.

Picasso had lived in France since 1904. An expat who was vocal about his opposition to the militant autocracy of his home country, Picasso crafted the tribute to the war-torn Spanish city without having set foot within the nation’s borders since 1934. He would never return to Spain.

Picasso once treated a German Gestapo officer to a sharp responce in reference to the painting’s depiction of the atrocities of fascism and war. When asked by an officer about the painting, “Did you do that?” Picasso is said to have replied, “No, you did.”

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Edgar Degas The Dancing Class

Edgar Degas, The Dancing Class, ca. 1870

Date: ca. 1870
Medium: Oil on wood
Dimensions: 7 3/4 x 10 5/8 in. (19.7 x 27 cm)

Durand-Ruel, a Paris dealer bought this painting from the artist in January 1872. After a few trading with other artists, the painting was purchased by Captain Henry Hill, Brighton 1875 or 1876. On his death his estate sale held by Christie’s, London on May 25, 1889, this painting no. 26, titled “A pas de deux,” sold for 41 guineas to Wallis. Later the painting sold on December 5, 1916, through the artist Mary Cassatt to Havemeyer. Then by Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929 to The Met, New York. were it is on view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 815

This early Degas ballet class painting is drafted in his studio because he has not yet secured permission to paint at the theatre, as are the later painting of the ballet. The dancers are posed in his studio along with the props. It is interesting to see other dancers in the mirror but not in the painting. Many of the dancers are posed at an angle to show drama and action. The green watering can in the lower left corner is possible to the dampen the dusty floor and is a similar colour as reflected in the mirror of the wall not in the picture to the right, and on other walls throughout the painting. Notice how the main dancer has the brightest white to make her stand out against the eleven figures composed in a triangle in the picture. All the dancers practicing have pink ballet shoes and most are wearing a pink bow around their waist, the principle dancer being the exception.

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The brothel culture of the ballet was so pervasive, as historian Lorraine Coons remarks in her essay “Artiste or coquette? Les petits rats of the Paris Opera ballet,” that even successful dancers who did not resort to prostitution would likely have been suspected to have done so anyway.

Focal Point Gallery

The Forum Southend-on-Sea Address: Elmer Ave, Southend-on-Sea SS1 1NB Phone: 01702 534108

Focal Point Gallery is a contemporary visual arts organisation based in South Essex at the ground floor of Southend’s Central Library, The Forum. Founded in 1990, the gallery promotes and commissions major solo exhibitions, group and thematic shows which reflect and respond to the unique context and heritage of Southend-on-Sea and the county of Essex.

The gallery has multiple outputs across the town including a year-round programme of high-quality exhibitions, events, publications, projects and temporary public artworks. Working with a diverse range of artists at all stages of their career, the gallery seeks to provide residents and visitors the opportunity to experience, participate and learn about challenging and ambitious examples of U.K. and international contemporary art.

As a key focus of our output, Focal Point Gallery’s learning programme aims to engage people of all ages in current debates around contemporary art, and looks to extend and develop new audiences. We consider the philosophies and working methods of the artists in our exhibitions programme as the starting point for inspiration, aspiration and discussion in the community. On this basis, the gallery seeks to proactively engage with a wide range of local community groups, schools, young people and children.

The Original ArtShop

17 Sir Isaac’s Walk, Colchester CO1 1JJ Art Shop Tel: 01206 571999

  • The Original Artshop is a long established gallery, celebrating 30 years in business having opened it’s doors in 1988.
  • The gallery is an independently run business who pride themselves on excellent customer service and has built up a well-respected reputation by being approachable, professional and welcoming.
  • The gallery deals with the best publishers and artists, is modern, inviting and full of exciting and ever-changing displays of the most talented and collected artists in the UK and beyond.
  • The gallery also offers a quality bespoke onsite framing service to all its customers, which includes skilled advice and a unique and personal design service for the framing of client’s artwork, memorabilia and photography etc.

Aubrey Art Gallery

Post Office, High St, Great Dunmow, Essex CM6 1AW This gallery has now closed it doors

A great gallery of local East Anglian artists. Very nice to see female artists being promoted. So many techniques used in various styles. Pity the location is behind the post office in Dunmow so not easily visible from the main road.

The Aubrey Art Gallery is now closed.

It is with deep regret that the gallery will be completely closing from 31st. August and the web site ending on 24th. August. We have enjoyed ten wonderful years of running the gallery – amazing pictures, some fascinating conversations , meeting such diverse and interesting people – but the time seems right for this decision . Thank you for your support and interest in the gallery. Wishing you all the very best In the future. Elizabeth Davies.

Art Exchange

Art Exchange University of Essex Wivenhoe Park Colchester CO4 3SQ
Tel. 01206 873184 | gallery@essex.ac.uk | www.artexchange.org.uk

University of Essex

Placing the artist at its core, Art Exchange is a space where art, artists and audiences can meet. Their programme of exhibitions, talks and events creates a platform for ideas to be exchanged and connections to be made.

Art Exchange show international, contemporary art by established and emerging artists, historic figures who continue to inspire, and group shows relevant to current debate. Art Exchange artist-in-residence programme allows them to commission new works that respond to the world around us.

Sited at the University of Essex in Colchester, Art Exchange are inspired by an intellectually curious audience, while the research and study around us feeds into our programme of talks, films and debate. Combined with Art Exchange family days, workshops with schools and outreach activity, they offer ways for everyone to get involved and enjoy great art.

ENQUIRIES

For general enquiries please email: gallery@essex.ac.uk

Tel: 01206 873184

OPENING HOURS

Tuesday – Friday (11am – 5pm)
Saturday (12pm – 4pm)

Jockeys at the Start

Study Jockeys at the Start, Newmarket by Sir Alfred Munnings

“Study: Jockeys at the Start, Newmarket”

Medium: Oil on Canvas board Size: 50.8 x 61 cm. (20 x 24 in.)

Born: 8 October 1878, Mendham
Died: 17 July 1959, Dedham
Other Artworks: The Red Prince Mare, Changing Horses
Buried: St. Paul’s Cathedral, City of London
Education: Norwich University Of The Arts
Spouses: Violet Munnings (m. 1920–1959), Florence Carter-Wood (m. 1912–1914)

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Sir Alfred James Munnings, (British, 1878–1959) KCVO, PRA was known as one of England’s finest painters of horses and as an outspoken critic of Modernism. The loss of sight in his right eye in an accident in 1898 did not deflect his determination to paint, and in 1899 two of his pictures were shown at the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition. Munnings bought Castle House, Dedham, in 1919, describing it as ‘the house of my dreams’. He used the house and adjoining studio extensively throughout the rest of his career, and it was opened as the Munnings Art Museum in the early 1960s.

The oil painting “Study: Jockeys at the Start, Newmarket” is a typical subject for Munnings. He appeared to love outdoor equestrian and farm animal subjects. This painting packed with action and drama, in his typical lose style executed on a medium size board canvas. The contrasting colours of the jockey’s outfits make for great drama, movement of the horses are portrayed in line and texture, all depited eager to race to the finish.

Exhibition Grayson Perry

Exhibition Grayson Perry: The Life of Julie Cope

Art Exhibition, Sat 18 Nov 2017 – Sun 18 Feb 2018, free entry to Firstsite Colchester

Grayson Perry: The Life of Julie Cope is a unique presentation comprising of tapestries, woodcuts, ceramics and tiles designed by the Turner Prize-winning artist for A House for Essex (2015), the building designed by the artist in collaboration with Charles Holland of FAT Architecture. A House for Essex serves as a secular chapel to the memory of a fictional Essex woman, Julie Cope, created by Grayson Perry. Located overlooking the scenic Stour Estuary in the village of Wrabness in north-east Essex, the House is both an artwork in itself and the setting for a number of artworks by Grayson Perry that explore the distinct character and unique qualities of the county.

The exhibition will include all four large-scale tapestries made for the House as well as sketchbooks, drawings and photographs that chart its development. The Essex House Tapestries: The Life of Julie Cope (2015), illustrate the key events in the protagonist’s journey, from her birth on Canvey Island during the great flood of 1953 to her untimely death in a tragic accident on Colchester High Street. Overflowing with cultural and architectural detail, the tapestries contain a social history of Essex and modern Britain that reflects Firstsite’s year-long focus on contemporary identity.
The two further tapestries, made for the bedrooms at A House for Essex, are portraits of Julie and her life with each of her husbands: Julie and Rob (2013), and Julie and Dave (2015). Also included in the show is a series of black and white woodcuts, entitled Six Snapshots of Julie, which depict the six decades of Julie’s life.
When writing Julie’s biography, Perry looked to the English ballad and folktale tradition, narrating a life that conveys the beauty, vibrancy and contradictions of the ordinary individual. These artworks represent, in Perry’s words, ‘the trials, tribulations, celebrations and mistakes of an average life.’

Grayson Perry house: The Life of Julie Cope

A House for Essex was commissioned by Living Architecture, which was founded to change public perceptions about modern architecture by building houses that are rented by the public for holidays.
Grayson Perry CBE RA (born 24 March 1960) is an English artist, known mainly for his ceramic vases. Perry’s vases have classical forms and are decorated in bright colours, depicting subjects at odds with their attractive presence. There is a strong autobiographical portion in his work, in which images of Perry as “Claire”, his female alter-ego, often appear. He was awarded the Turner Prize in 2003.
In 2008 Perry was ranked number 32 in The Telegraph’s list of the “100 most powerful people in British culture”. In 2012, Perry was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork—the Beatles’ Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover—to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life.
The Turner Prize, named after the English painter J. M. W. Turner, is an annual prize presented to a British visual artist. Between 1991 and 2016, only artists under the age of 50 were eligible. Awarding the prize is organised by the Tate gallery and usually staged at Tate Britain, though in recent years the award ceremony has sometimes been held in other UK cities. Since its beginnings in 1984 it has become the UK’s most publicised art award. The award represents all media.

Aspects of Myself 2001 Grayson Perry, Purchased from Laurent Delaye Gallery with assistance from David and Janice Blackburn 2002 http://www.tate.org.uk/art/work/T07904

SOLO EXHIBITIONS
2017
The Most Popular Art Exhibition at the Serpentine Galleries, London; travelling to Arnolfini, Bristol
2016
Hold Your Beliefs Lightly, Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht, The Netherlands; travelling to ARoS Aarhus Art Museum, Aarhus, Denmark
My Pretty Little Art Career, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney
2015
Provincial Punk, Turner Contemporary, Margate
Small Differences, Pera Museum, Istanbul, Turkey
2014
Who are You?, National Portrait Gallery, London
Walthamstow Tapestry, Winchester Discovery Centre
2013 – 2017
The Vanity of Small Differences (UK Art Fund/British Council National and International Tour): Sunderland Museum & Winter Gardens, Tyne and Wear; Manchester Art Gallery, Manchester; Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham; Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; Leeds City Art Gallery, Leeds; Victoria Art Gallery, Bath; The Herbert Museum and Art Gallery, Coventry; Croome Park, Worcester; Beaney House of Art and Knowledge, Canterbury; Izolyatsia Platform for Cultural Initiatives, Kyiv, Ukraine; Museum of Contemporary Art Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia; National Gallery, Pristina, Kosovo; Art Gallery of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, Bosnia

The Minories Art Gallery

The Minories Galleries houses a contemporary art gallery run by Colchester School of Art. The site is also home to a shop selling some of the best art and crafts to be found across the region, has meeting rooms for hire, and can also cater for weddings and other events. A listed Georgian building, The Minories is of local importance within the historic town of Colchester.

The Victor Batte-Lay Foundation, over the years assisted by the ‘Friends of The Minories’ support group, have ensured the building be used to present art for the community of Colchester and visitors to the town. This has continued and now ensures the Colchester School of Art provides contemporary art and design in one of Colchester’s most distinctive buildings.

As well as the public gallery and shop, there is also the Batte-Lay Tea Rooms (run by Tiptree) and a wonderful walled garden that is looked after by The Friends of The Minories. The Minories is next door to Firstsite, Colchester’s new contemporary art space, in the centre of the town’s cultural quarter.
The Galleries are open Monday – Saturday 10.00am – 5.00pm.
Entry is Free.

The Minories Galleries, 74 High Street, CO1 1UE, Colchester, United Kingdom

Tel: (01206) 712437
E-mail: the.minories@colchester.ac.uk 

Colchester School of Art we are proud to have a history dating from 1885, the year the original Art School was founded.
As well as being witness to the many great developments and upheavals of the twentieth century, the Art School has adapted to the increasing pace of change in contemporary art and design practice.
Today we strive to maintain the integrity of our courses, at the heart of which is a desire to develop concepts, designs and objects that will challenge and inspire. We believe in skill, traditional or otherwise, as a basis for understanding how ideas can exist.

Switchboard: 01206 712000
Course Enquiries: 01206 712777
Online Enquiry Form

Colchester School of Art,
Colchester Institute,
Sheepen Road,
Colchester,
Essex,
CO3 3LL